A browse on the internet for a paternity test will provide you with several different companies offering this tests and a host of others tests including relationships testing (which encompasses a broad range of tests to establish the biological existence of the diverse variety of relationships between people). Central to these tests is the free DNA kit provided which will allow you to do your home DNA test.
Tell Me More About a Paternity Test
Paternity testing involves the analysis of the DNA of the putative father and the child or children. Geneticists and other scientists know with certainty that we inherit half our genes from each of our parents and thus, a biological father and his son or daughter will share 50% of their genetic makeup. When scientists analyze the DNA in a paternity test they compare very specific locations on the DNA which are known as genetic loci. Many companies test 16 of these loci which is enough to give a probability of paternity in excess of 99.99% (in a paternal test with mother’s samples) and if the tested father is not the biological father of the child the inclusion will be of 0%. More reliable results can be derived by testing 21 markers. To be able to give the necessary DNA samples however, you will need to have your free DNA kit.
The Free DNA Kit and How it is Used
Most DNA testing companies will send you the free DNA kit once you have ordered your test. The paternity test kit contains everything needed to take the DNA samples as follows:
- The mouth swabs. These are packed envelopes and clearly labeled for each test participant.
- The instructions on how to use the swabs
- Consent forms- these requires you to fill in some personal details and sign for all people taking part in the test.
It is important to follow instructions carefully; using mouth swabs is extremely easy if the basic precautions are followed and you can also access a sample collection guide on how to use the DNA testing kit online. Although you get a free DNA test kit when you included in your paternity test, if you make mistakes taking your samples (like eating or drinking just before rubbing the swabs in the mouth) the samples might contain degraded DNA which will mean you will need to have another kit sent to re-take you samples; Whilst the fist kit will be free, the second will require you to pay a cost.
Free DNA kits are made in an extremely friendly, easy-to-use way and you really should not have any problems collecting your samples in a paternity test. If you feel your case may not be entirely straight forward, then discuss it with the company of your choice.